The automotive industry is one of the most important in America, and it’s an ever-growing one. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, more than 8 million new vehicles were sold in the United States in 2017. That’s a lot of cars! All those cars need a place to park, and that place is called a garage. In this article, we will explore how automobiles are classified and what that means for you as a car buyer. We’ll also look at some common classifications and what they mean for car buyers.
Types of Vehicles
There are many different types of vehicles, but these three groups are the most common. Cars, trucks and SUVs fall into this category.
- Cars: A car is a small, lightweight vehicle used for transportation. Cars typically have four wheels and an engine that runs on gasoline or diesel fuel. The most popular cars are those made by Ford, Chevrolet, Honda and Toyota.
- Trucks: Trucks are large, heavy vehicles used for transportation. They usually have six or more wheels and an engine that runs on diesel fuel or gasoline. Trucks are often used to transport goods or materials. Some examples of famous truck brands include GMC, Dodge and Ford.
- SUVs: SUVs (sports utility vehicles) are a type of car that was invented in the 1990s. They are similar to trucks in terms of how they look and how they function, but they have larger engines and more space inside than regular cars do. Some examples of well-known SUV brands include Nissan, Jeep, Audi and Lincoln Mercury。
How Cars are Classified
Cars are classified according to their type, purpose, and performance.
- Type: Cars can be classified by their shape and construction. The most common types are sedans, SUVs, coupes, and bangers. Sedans are the most popular type of car because they are versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes. SUV’s are usually larger than sedans and have more features than coupes or bangers. Coupes are designed for driving around town and are shorter than sedans. Bangers are designed for performance and have more aggressive styling than other types of cars.
- Purpose: Cars can be classified according to their intended use. They can be used for transportation or for recreation. Transportation cars include cars like sedans and SUVs that are meant to be used as everyday vehicles. Recreational cars include sports cars and luxury sedan models that are meant for occasional use or special occasions.
- Performance: Cars can also be classified according to their performance capabilities. Performance cars include models like the BMW M3 and the Audi S5 that have high performance engines and aerodynamic designs. These models make driving enjoyable but require a lot of care in order to maintain their performance. Mid-priced models like the Toyota Camry offer good performance without costing a fortune.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
In the United States, there are five classifications for automobiles: light vehicles, medium-duty vehicles, heavy-duty vehicles, buses and trucks, and international. Each classification has different federal requirements for safety. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) regulates the manufacture and sale of automobiles in the U.S. based on their classifications.
Automobiles are classified by weight and type of engine. Vehicles in the same classification may have different weight limits, depending on their type of engine. There are also restrictions on how many people can be inside a vehicle at once and which types of engines are allowed.
Light vehicles have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of up to 4,500 pounds and must have a maximum speed of no more than 45 miles per hour (72 kilometers per hour). They must also be able to stop within 100 feet (30 meters) from a curb or edge of the road without requiring the use of brakes or steering wheel force.
Medium duty vehicles have a GVWR of up to 10,000 pounds and must have a maximum speed of no more than 55 miles per hour (90 kilometers per hour). They must also be able to stop within 100 feet (30 meters) from a curb or edge of the road without requiring the use of brakes or steering wheel force.
Heavy duty vehicles have a GVWR over 10,000 pounds and must meet other requirements specified by NHTSA.
The Society of Automotive Engineers
The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) is the world’s largest organization of engineers and technical experts in the automotive industry. SAE’s membership includes more than 150,000 members in over 100 countries. The society’s mission is to advance mobility through education and innovation.
The society develops standards for new vehicle design and performance, conducts research, provides training and certification, and promotes transportation safety. In addition to its automotive activities, SAE also offers engineering services for a variety of industries.
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Automobiles are classified by their emissions ratings. Automobiles that have a “low emissions” rating produce less air pollutants than those with a “high emissions” rating. Automobiles that have a LEV (Low Emissions Vehicle) designation have the lowest emissions ratings and are typically only available to purchase in states that have adopted California’s Low Emissions Vehicle program.